Théo Pezel, Augustin Coisne, Guillaume Bonnet, Raphael P. Martins, Julien Adjedj, Loïc Bière, Benoit Lattuca, Stéphanie Turpeau, Batric Popovic, Fabrice Ivanes, Stéphane Lafitte, Jean Claude Deharo, Anne Bernard
In Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases. Published January 5, 2021.
In our healthcare system, mindful of patient safety and the reduction of medical errors, simulation-based training has emerged as the cornerstone of medical education, allowing quality training in complete safety for patients. Initiated by anaesthesiologists, this teaching mode effectively allows a gradual transfer of learning, and has become an essential tool in cardiology teaching. Cardiologists are embracing simulation to master complex techniques in interventional cardiology, to manage crisis situations and unusual complications and to develop medical teamwork. Simulation methods in cardiology include high-fidelity simulators, clinical scenarios, serious games, hybrid simulation and virtual reality. Simulation involves all fields of cardiology: transoesophageal echocardiography, cardiac catheterization, coronary angioplasty and electrophysiology. Beyond purely technical issues, simulation can also enhance communication skills, by using standardized patients, and can improve the management of situations related to the announcement of serious diseases. In this review of recent literature, we present existing simulation modalities, their applications in different fields of cardiology and their advantages and limitations. Finally, we detail the growing role for simulation in the teaching of medical students following the recent legal obligation to use simulation to evaluate medical students in France.